dict
Max Reference
Open Help

dict

Create and access dictionaries

Description

Use the dict object to create named dictionaries, clone existing dictionaries, and query existing dictionaries to access their data.

Examples

Arguments

name [symbol]

Optional

Name to be associated with this dictionary. If no argument is given, then a unique name will be generated.

filename [symbol]

Optional

Name of a JSON or YAML file to be imported into this dictionary on load.

Attributes

embed [int]

Toggles the ability to embed the contents of the dict as part of the main paitch. If the embed attribute is set to 1, this overrides this attribute on any other dicts with the same name.

name [symbol]

Name associated with the dictionary. All dictionaries are passed by reference using a symbolic name. If you do not provide a name, a unique name will be generated internally.

parameter_enable [int]

Parameter Mode Enable

quiet [int]7.0.0

Reduce error checking and reporting when operations are performed on the dict. When an error occurs the result will typically be a silent failure when this option is turned-on.

Common Box Attributes

annotation [symbol]

Sets the text that will be displayed in the Clue window when the user moves the mouse over the object.

background [int] (default: 0)

Adds or removes the object from the patcher's background layer. background 1 adds the object to the background layer, background 0 removes it. Objects in the background layer are shown behind all objects in the default foreground layer.

color [4 floats]

Sets the color for the object box outline.

fontface [int]

Sets the type style used by the object. The options are:

plain
bold
italic
bold italic

Possible values:

0 = 'regular'
1 = 'bold'
2 = 'italic'
3 = 'bold italic'

fontname [symbol]

Sets the object's font.

fontsize [float]

Sets the object's font size (in points).

Possible values:

'8'
'9'
'10'
'11'
'12'
'13'
'14'
'16'
'18'
'20'
'24'
'30'
'36'
'48'
'64'
'72'

hidden [int] (default: 0)

Toggles whether an object is hidden when the patcher is locked.

hint [symbol]

Sets the text that will be displayed in as a pop-up hint when the user moves the mouse over the object in a locked patcher.

ignoreclick [int] (default: 0)

Toggles whether an object ignores mouse clicks in a locked patcher.

patching_rect [4 floats] (default: 0. 0. 100. 0.)

Sets the position and size of the object in the patcher window.

position [2 floats]

g/s(set)

Sets the object's x and y position in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation), leaving its size unchanged.

presentation [int] (default: 0)

Sets whether an object belongs to the patcher's presentation.

presentation_rect [4 floats] (default: 0. 0. 0. 0.)

Sets the x and y position and width and height of the object in the patcher's presentation, leaving its patching position unchanged.

rect [4 floats]

g/s(set)

Sets the x and y position and width and height of the object in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation).

size [2 floats]

g/s(set)

Sets the object's width and height in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation), leaving its position unchanged.

textcolor [float]

Sets the color for the object's text in RGBA format.

textjustification [int]

Text Justification

Possible values:

0 = 'left'
1 = 'center'
2 = 'right'

varname [symbol]

Sets the patcher's scripting name, which can be used to address the object by name in pattr, scripting messages to thispatcher, and the js object.

Parameter Attributes

Order

Typeint

Sets the order of recall of this parameter. Lower numbers are recalled first. The order of recall of parameters with the same order number is undefined.

Parameter Mode Enable

Typeint

Parameter Mode Enable (not available from Parameters window)

Link to Scripting Name

Typeint

When checked, the Scripting Name is linked to the Long Name attribute.

Long Name

Typesymbol

The long name of the parameter. This name must be unique per patcher hierarchy.

Short Name

Typesymbol

Sets the short name for the object's visual display. The maximum length varies according to letter width, but is generally in a range of 5 to 7 characters.

Type

Typeint

Specifies the data type. The data types used in Max for Live are:

Float
Int
Enum (enumerated list)
Blob

Note: By convention, the Live application uses floating point numbers for its calculations; the native integer representation is limited to a range of 0-255 (similar to the char data type used in Jitter). When working with Live UI objects whose integer values are likely to be outside of the 0-255 range, the Type attribute should be set to Float, and the Unit Style attribute should be set to Int.

Range/Enum

Typelist

When used with an integer or floating point data type, this field is used to specify the minimum and maximum values of the parameter.
When used with an enumerated list (Enum) data type, this field contains a space-delimited list of the enumerated values (if list items contain a space or special characters, the name should be enclosed in double quotes).

Modulation Mode

Typeint

Sets the Modulation Mode used by the Live application. The modulation modes are:

None
Unipolar
Bipolar
Additive
Absolute

Modulation Range

Typelist

This parameter is only used with the Absolute modulation mode. It specifies defines the range of values used.

Initial Enable

Typeint

When checked (set to 1), the UI object can store an initialization value. The value is set using the Initial attribute (see below).

Initial

Typelist

Sets the initial value to be stored and used when the Initial Enable attribute is checked.

Unit Style

Typeint

Sets the unit style to be used when displaying values. The unit style values are: Int: displays integer values
Float: displays floating point values
Time: displays time values in milliseconds (ms)
Hertz: displays frequency values (Hz/kHz).
deciBel: displays loudness (dB)
%: Percentage
Pan: displays Left and Right values
Semitones: displays steps (st)
MIDI: displays pitch corresponding to the MIDI note number
Custom: displays custom data type
Native: defaults to floating point values

Custom Units

Typesymbol

Sets the units to be used with the 'Custom' unit style (see "Unit Style", above). Custom unit strings may be simple symbols (e.g. "Harmonic(s)"), in which case the parameter's value will be displayed in its 'Native' display mode, followed by the symbol (e.g. "12 Harmonic(s)" for an Int-typed parameter or "12.54 Harmonic(s)" for a Float-typed parameter). For additional control over the numerical component displayed, a sprintf-style string may be used (e.g. "%0.2f Bogon(s)", which would display a value such as ".87 Bogons").

Exponent

Typefloat

When set to a value other than 1., the parameter's input and output values will be exponentially scaled according to the factor entered in this column.

Steps

Typeint

The number of steps available between the minimum and maximum values of a parameter. For instance, if the parameter has a range from 0.-64., with Steps set to 4, the user can only set the parameter to 0, 21.33, 42.66 and 64.

Parameter Visibility

Typeint

For automatable parameters (Int, Float, Enum), 'Stored Only' disables automation, although parameter values are stored in presets. 'Hidden' causes the parameter's value to be ignored when storing and recalling data. Non-automatable parameters (Blob) are 'Stored Only' by default, and can be set to 'Hidden', if desired.

Update Limit (ms)

Typeint

Speed limits values triggered by automation.

Defer Automation Output

Typeint

Defers values triggered by automation.

Messages

bang

Send a reference to the dictionary from the first outlet.

append

Arguments

key [symbol]
value [list]
Add values to the end of an array associated with the specified key.

clear

Erase the contents of the dictionary, restoring to a clean state.

clone

Arguments

name [symbol]
Make a clone of the incoming dictionary. If received at the first inlet, send a reference to this new clone from the first outlet. Otherwise just clone the dictionary and don't send it out.

dictionary

Arguments

name [symbol]
Make a clone of the incoming dictionary. If received at the first inlet, send a reference to this new clone from the first outlet. Otherwise just clone the dictionary and don't send it out.

contains

Arguments

key [symbol]
Return a 0 or 1 to the third outlet indicating the specified key exists (or doesn't) in the dictionary.

edit

Open the dictionary editor window.

export

Arguments

filename [symbol]
Write the dictionary contents to a JSON or YAML file. If no path/filename is provided, a dialog will be presented. The the file format is determined from the file name extension, either '.json' or '.yaml'.

(mouse)

Double-click a dict object to open a dictionary editor window.

get

Arguments

key [symbol]
Return the value associated with a key to the second outlet.

getkeys

Arguments

alphabetize [bool]
Return a list of all the keys in a dictionary to the third outlet. By default the keys are sorted according to the order in which keys were added to the dictionary. Use the optional argument to specify alphabetical sorting.

getnames

Return a list of all the dictionaries that currently exist to the fourth outlet.

getsize

Arguments

key [symbol]
Return the number of values associated with a key to the second outlet.

gettype7.0.0

Arguments

key [symbol]
Return the type of the values associated with a key to the second outlet.

import

Arguments

filename [symbol]
Read the dictionary contents from a JSON or YAML file. If no path/filename is provided, a dialog will be presented. The the file format is determined from the file name extension, either '.json' or '.yaml'.

parse7.0.0

Arguments

key [symbol]
value [symbol]
Replace the content of a dictionary by providing the new content as JSON.

pull_from_coll

Arguments

coll-name [symbol]
Pull the content of a named coll object into the dictionary. The indices in the coll will become the keys, and the values for those indices the values for the dictionary's keys.

push_to_coll

Arguments

coll-name [symbol]
Push the dictionary's content into a named coll object. The keys in the dictionary will become the indices in the coll, and the values for those indices the values of the dictionary's keys.

set

Arguments

key [symbol]
value [list]
Set the value for a key to a specified value.

read

Arguments

filename [symbol]
Read the dictionary contents from a JSON or YAML file. If no path/filename is provided, a dialog will be presented. The the file format is determined from the file name extension, either '.json' or '.yaml'.

readany7.0.0

Arguments

filename [symbol]
Read the dictionary contents from a JSON or YAML file. If no path/filename is provided, a dialog will be presented. The the file format and extension are not checked. The contents of the file are assumed to be in JSON format.

remove

Arguments

key [symbol]
Remove a key and its associated value from the dictionary.

replace

Arguments

key [symbol]
value [list]
Set the value for a key to a specified value. If a heirarchy is specified for the key, and the heirarchy does not exist, then it will be created in the dictionary.

setparse7.0.0

Arguments

key [symbol]
value [symbol]
Set the value for a key to dictionary content defined using JSON.

wclose7.0.0

Close the dictionary editor window if it is open.

write

Arguments

filename [symbol]
Write the dictionary contents to a JSON or YAML file. If no path/filename is provided, a dialog will be presented. The the file format is determined from the file name extension, either '.json' or '.yaml'.

writeagain

Write the dictionary contents to a JSON or YAML file. The file provided as an argument for the previous 'write' or 'export' message will be used.

See Also

Name Description
dict.view View the contents of a dictionary
dict.pack Create a dictionary and set its values
dict.unpack Extract values from a dictionary
dict.group Build a dictionary iteratively
dict.iter Stream the content of a dictionary
dict.join Merge the content of two dictionaries
dict.slice Split a dictionary into two dictionaries
dict.print Post a dictionary to the Max Console
dict.route Compare dictionaries
dict.strip Remove keys from a dictionary
dict.serialize Convert a dictionary's content to text
dict.deserialize Create a dictionary from text
Dictionaries Dictionaries