mc.2d.wave~

Two-dimensional wavetable (multichannel)

Description

2d.wave~ is similar to wave~, but with an additional axis. A given ms range of an audio file will be divided into n rows. Y phase input will determine which row(s) will be used for playback.

Discussion

Try loading a 16-bar loop and setting your rows to be 16 (or 7 for that matter). Try also using a short (150 ms or so) section of an audio file as a 2-d wave table. Set the phasor of one axis to be very fast, and one to be very slow. Try loading a 16-bar loop and setting your rows to be 16 (or 7 for that matter). Try also using a short (150 ms or so) section of an audio file as a 2-d wave table. Set the phasor of one axis to be very fast, and one to be very slow.

Arguments

buffer-name [symbol]

Obligatory. Names the buffer~ object whose sample memory is used by 2d.wave~ for its stored waveform. Note that if the underlying data in a buffer~ changes, the signal output of 2d.wave~ will change, since it does not copy the sample data in a buffer~. 2d.wave~ always uses the first n channels of a multi-channel buffer~, where n is the number of the 2d.wave~ object's output channels. The default number of channels, set by the third argument to the 2d.wave~ object, is 1.

start and end-points [number]

Optional

After the buffer~ name argument, you can type in values for the start and end points of the waveform, as millisecond offsets from the beginning of a buffer~ object's sample memory. By default the start point is 0 and the end point is the end of the sample. If you want to set a non-zero start point but retain the sample end as the waveform end point, use only a single typed-in argument after the buffer~ name. If a signal is connected to the start point (middle) inlet, the initial waveform start point argument is ignored. If a signal is connected to the end point (right) inlet, the initial waveform end point is ignored. The number of channels in the buffer~ file and the number of rows to be used may also be specified.

number-of-output-channels [int]

Optional

Sets the number of output channels, which determines the number of outlets that the 2d.wave~ object will have. The maximum number of channels is 8. The default is 1. If the audio file being played has more output channels than the 2d.wave~ object, higher-numbered channels will not be played. If the audio file has fewer channels, the signals coming from the extra outlets of 2d.wave~ will be 0.

rows [int]

Optional

Sets the inital number of rows to divide the file into.

Attributes

Common Box Attributes

annotation [symbol]

Sets the text that will be displayed in the Clue window when the user moves the mouse over the object.

background [int] (default: 0)

Adds or removes the object from the patcher's background layer. background 1 adds the object to the background layer, background 0 removes it. Objects in the background layer are shown behind all objects in the default foreground layer.

color [4 floats]

Sets the color for the object box outline.

fontface [int]

Sets the type style used by the object. The options are:

plain
bold
italic
bold italic

Possible values:

0 = 'regular'
1 = 'bold'
2 = 'italic'
3 = 'bold italic'

fontname [symbol]

Sets the object's font.

fontsize [float]

Sets the object's font size (in points).

Possible values:

'8'
'9'
'10'
'11'
'12'
'13'
'14'
'16'
'18'
'20'
'24'
'30'
'36'
'48'
'64'
'72'

hidden [int] (default: 0)

Toggles whether an object is hidden when the patcher is locked.

hint [symbol]

Sets the text that will be displayed in as a pop-up hint when the user moves the mouse over the object in a locked patcher.

ignoreclick [int] (default: 0)

Toggles whether an object ignores mouse clicks in a locked patcher.

patching_rect [4 floats] (default: 0. 0. 100. 0.)

Sets the position and size of the object in the patcher window.

position [2 floats]

g/s(set)

Sets the object's x and y position in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation), leaving its size unchanged.

presentation [int] (default: 0)

Sets whether an object belongs to the patcher's presentation.

presentation_rect [4 floats] (default: 0. 0. 0. 0.)

Sets the x and y position and width and height of the object in the patcher's presentation, leaving its patching position unchanged.

rect [4 floats]

g/s(set)

Sets the x and y position and width and height of the object in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation).

size [2 floats]

g/s(set)

Sets the object's width and height in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation), leaving its position unchanged.

textcolor [float]

Sets the color for the object's text in RGBA format.

textjustification [int]

Text Justification

Possible values:

0 = 'left'
1 = 'center'
2 = 'right'

varname [symbol]

Sets the patcher's scripting name, which can be used to address the object by name in pattr, scripting messages to thispatcher, and the js object.

Multichannel Group Attributes

chans [int]

The chans attribute sets the number of channels and instances in the MC wrapper object. If you want a fixed number of channels regardless of what is connected to the object, you could set chans via a typed-in argument, for example typing mc.cycle~ @chans 100 would create 100 instances of a cycle~ object inside the MC wrapper. If chans is 0, the wrapper object will auto-adapt to the number of channels in its input multichannel signals (using the maximum of all connected signals). For objects without connected multichannel signals, the chans attribute will need to have a non-zero value if you want more than one instance.

If chans is changed while the audio is on, the number of instances will not updated until audio is restarted. However, if chans is reduced while the audio is on, any extra channels will no longer process audio and will output a zero signal.

values [int]

The values attribute only applies to object creation time so it must be set via typed-in argument syntax. values sets the first (and only the first) initial argument for successive instances in the MC wrapper. For example, typing mc.cycle~ @chans 4 @values 50 60 70 80 would assign an initial frequency to the cycle~ instances inside the wrapper. The first instance would be assigned a frequency of 50, the second a frequency of 60, the third 70, and the fourth 80. Note that values does not determine the actual instance count; this can be done using the chans attribute. If there are more instances than elements for the values attribute, those instances are instantiated with the default value.

If you want to set a default initial value for all instances, simply type it as an argument before any typed-in attributes. For example, modifying our example above: mc.cycle~ 100 @chans 10 @values 50 60 70 80. In this example, the first four instances are set as before, but the next six are created with a frequency argument of 100.

To change instance values or attributes after the wrapper object has been created, use the setvalue, applyvalues, or replicatevalues messages.

replicate [int]

When replicate is enabled, input single-channel or multichannel signals containing fewer channels than the number instances in the MC wrapper object are repeated to fill all input channels. For example, when replicate is enabled and you connect a two-channel multichannel signal to the input of an MC wrapper object with four instances, channel 1 of the input will be repeated to channel 3, and channel 2 of the input will be repeated to channel 4. If replicate were disabled, channels 3 and 4 of the input would be set to zero.

target [int]

The target attribute sets a voice index for targeting specific wrapper instances. Subsequent messages are directed to an individual instance instead of all instances. It is strongly recommended you use the more reliable setvalue message instead of the target attribute. The voice index of setvalue will override the current setting of target. When target is 0, incoming messages are sent to all instances. When target is -1, incoming messages do nothing.

usebusymap [int]

When usebusymap is enabled, the MC wrapper controls whether individual instances process audio using a busy map maintained by either an mc.noteallocator~ or mc.voiceallocator~ object. When a channel in the busy map is marked as "free" or "released" no audio processing occurs by any instance on the channel corresponding to the voice index. When usebusymap is disabled, instances in the MC wrapper process audio at all times. This will also be true if usebusymap is enabled and there is no local or named busy map available. (See the busymapname attribute for a description of local and named busy maps).

zero [int]

When the zero attribute is enabled, channels in the MC wrapper due to the use of a busy map output zero signals. To save a small amount of CPU at the risk of loud and unpleasant noises due to uncleared signal data, you can disable zero. In this case, disabled channels in the MC wrapper do nothing to their output channels. If usebusymap is disabled or there is no active local or named busy map available, the setting of the zero attribute has no effect.

Conveniently, when usebusymap is enabled in mc.mixdown~ object, disabled channels are not mixed to the output. When unused signals from wrapped objects with zero disabled feed into mc.mixdown~, they will be ignored, reducing the risk of unpleasantness getting past the mix output.

busymapname [symbol]

When the usebusymap attribute is enabled, an MC wrapper object uses the local busy map of any mc.voiceallocator~ or mc.noteallocator~ in the same patcher by default. To use a named global busy map instead, set the busymapname attribute to the desired name.

Messages

int

Arguments

start and end-points [int]
In 3rd or 4th inlets: Numbers can be used instead of signal objects to control the start and end points of the waveform, provided a signal is not connected to the inlet that receives the number.

float

Arguments

start and end-points [float]
In 3rd or 4th inlets: Numbers can be used instead of signal objects to control the start and end points of the waveform, provided a signal is not connected to the inlet that receives the number.

(mouse)

Double-clicking on the 2d.wave~ object will open a window that displays the audio file loaded in the buffer associated with the object.

rows

Arguments

number-of-divisions [int]
The word rows, followed by an int, sets the number of rows a given range of an audio file will be divided into. The phase input signal value received in the 2nd inlet of 2d.wave~ determines which row(s) are used for playback. The default value is 0.

set

Arguments

buffer-name [symbol]
start-point [float]
end-point [float]
The word set, followed by a symbol, sets the buffer~ used by 2d.wave~ for its stored waveform. The symbol can optionally be followed by two values setting new waveform start and end points. If the values are not present, the default start and end points (the start and end of the sample) are used. If signal objects are connected to the start and/or end point inlets, the start and/or end point values are ignored.

signal

In left inlet: Input signal values progressing from 0 to 1 are used to scan a specified range of samples in a buffer~ object. The output of a phasor~ can be used to control 2d.wave~ as an oscillator, treating the range of samples in the buffer~ as a repeating waveform. However, note that when changing the frequency of a phasor~ connected to the left inlet of 2d.wave~, the perceived pitch of the signal coming out of 2d.wave~ may not correspond exactly to the frequency of phasor~ itself if the stored waveform contains multiple or partial repetitions of a waveform. You can invert the phasor~ to play the waveform backwards.

In 2nd inlet: Input signal values progressing from 0 to 1 are used to determine which of the row(s) specified by the rows message will be used for playback. You can invert the phasor~ to reverse the order in which rows are played.

In 3rd inlet: The start of the waveform as a millisecond offset from the beginning of a buffer~ object's sample memory.

In 4th inlet: The end of the waveform as a millisecond offset from the beginning of a buffer~ object's sample memory.

Multichannel Group Messages

deviate

Arguments

range [float]
message-name [symbol]
center-value [float]
Generate a random value for each channel around a center value. If no message name is provided then a float message is used by default.

exponential

Arguments

exponent [float]
base [float]
The exponential message generates an exponential series using the second argument as a base and the first argument as an exponent.

scaledexponential

Arguments

exponent [float]
base [float]
The scaledexponential message generates an exponential series using the second argument as a base and the first argument as an exponent. Values are scaled by the instance number, so the total range of the series is independent of the number of channels.

increment

Arguments

increment-amount [float]
message-name [symbol]
start-value [float]
Generate a increasing value for each channel starting at a specified value. If no message name is provided then a float message is used by default.

harmonic

Arguments

multiplier [float]
fundamental [float]
The harmonic message generate a harmonic series using the second argument as the fundamental frequency and the first argument as a multiplier.

subharmonic

Arguments

multiplier [float]
fundamental [float]
The subharmonic message generate a subharmonic series using the second argument as the fundamental frequency and the first argument as a multiplier.

spread

Arguments

boundary-value [float]
message-name [symbol]
other-boundary-value [float]
Generate a range of values distributed to each channel. If no message name is provided then a float message is used by default. The first boundary value is included in the range outputs, but the last boundary value is not.

spreadinclusive

Arguments

boundary-value [float]
message-name [symbol]
other-boundary-value [float]
Generate a range of values distributed to each channel. If no message name is provided then a float message is used by default. Both the first and last boundary values are included in the range outputs.

spreadexclusive

Arguments

boundary-value [float]
message-name [symbol]
other-boundary-value [float]
Generate a range of values distributed to each channel. If no message name is provided then a float message is used by default. Neither the first nor last boundary values are included in the range outputs.

spreadincludefirst

Arguments

boundary-value [float]
message-name [symbol]
other-boundary-value [float]
Generate a range of values distributed to each channel. If no message name is provided then a float message is used by default. The first boundary value is included in the range outputs, but the last boundary value is not. The spreadincludefirst message is the same as the spread message.

spreadincludesecond

Arguments

boundary-value [float]
message-name [symbol]
other-boundary-value [float]
Generate a range of values distributed to each channel. If no message name is provided then a float message is used by default. The first boundary value is not included in the range outputs, but the last boundary value is included.

setvalue

Arguments

channel [int]
message [symbol]
message arguments [list]
The word setvalue, followed by both a channel index (starting at 1) and any message that can be sent to the wrapped object, sends the message to an individual instance within the MC wrapper. setvalue 0, followed by a message, sends the message to all instances. The setvalue message can be used in any inlet.

applyvalues

Arguments

message-name [symbol]
values [list]
The word applyvalues, followed by an optional message name and one or more message arguments, sends individual values in the arguments successively to instances in the MC wrapper, starting with the first instance. For example, the message applyvalues 4 5 6 will send 4 to the first instance, 5 to the second instance, and 6 to the third instance. If there are more instances than arguments to applyvalues, the extra instances are unaffected.

replicatevalues

Arguments

message-name [symbol]
values [list]
The word replicatevalues, followed by an optional message name and one or more message arguments, sends individual values in the arguments successively to instances in the MC wrapper, starting with the first instance. Unlike applyvalues, the replicatevalues message continues sending values to successive instances, restarting with the first element, if it runs out of arguments to send. For example, replicatevalues 4 5 to an MC wrapper object with three instances will send 4 to the first instance, 5 to the second instance, and 4 to the third instance.

Output

signal

The portion of the buffer~ specified by the 2d.wave~ object's start and end points is scanned by signal values ranging from 0 to 1 in the 2d.wave~ object's inlet, and the corresponding sample value from the buffer~ is sent out the 2d.wave~ object's outlet. If the signal received in the object's inlet is a repeating signal such as a sawtooth wave from a phasor~, the resulting output will be a waveform (excerpted from the buffer~) repeating at the frequency corresponding to the repetition of the input signal.

See Also

Name Description
buffer~ Store audio samples
groove~ Variable-rate looping sample playback
phasor~ Generate sawtooth signals
play~ Position-based sample playback
wave~ Variable size wavetable
MSP Sampling Tutorial 4: Variable-length Wavetable MSP Sampling Tutorial 4: Variable-length Wavetable