wave~ reads from a portion of a buffer~ to produce a repeating waveform, given a signal input that goes between 0 and 1 (for example, using a phasor~) to define the position in the buffer. When the wave~ object is instantiated as mcs.wave~ its outputs are combined into a single multichannel output but otherwise it functions identically to wave~.
Obligatory. Names the buffer~ object whose sample memory is used by wave~ for its stored waveform. Note that if the underlying data in a buffer~ changes, the signal output of wave~ will change, since it does not copy the sample data in a buffer~. wave~ always uses the first channel of a multi-channel buffer~.
After the buffer~ name argument, you can type in a value for the start and end points of the waveform as millisecond offset from the beginning of a buffer~ object's sample memory. By default, the start point is 0. If you want to set a non-zero start point but retain the sample end as the waveform end point, use only a single typed-in argument after the buffer~ name. The wave~ object uses the buffer~ sampling rate to determine loop points. If a is connected to the start point (middle) inlet, the initial waveform start point argument is ignored.
After the start point argument, you can type in a value for the end point of the waveform, as a millisecond offsets from the beginning of a buffer~ object's sample memory. By default, the end point is the end of the sample. If a is connected to the end point (right) inlet, the initial waveform end point is ignored.
Sets the number of output channels, which determines the number of outlets that the wave~ object will have. If the buffer~ object being played by wave~ has more channels than the number of outputs of wave~, the extra channels are not played. If the buffer~ object has fewer channels, the extra wave~ signal outputs are 0.
The interpolation modes are:
- No interpolation. Wavetable interpolation is disabled using the interp 0 message.
- High-quality linear interpolation (default)
- Low-quality linear interpolation. This mode uses the interpolation method found in MSP 1.x versions of the wave~ object. While this mode is faster than mode 1, it cannot play buffer~ objects of arbitrary length and produces more interpolation artifacts.
- Cosine interpolation
- Cubic interpolation
- Spline interpolation
- Hermite interpolation
0 = 'None' ( No interpotlation )
1 = 'Linear'
2 = 'Low-Quality'
3 = 'Cosine' ( Cosine interpolation )
4 = 'Cubic' ( Cubic interpolation )
5 = 'Spline' ( Spline interpolation )
6 = 'Hermite' ( Hermite interpolation )
Set the bias parameter for Hermite interpolation
Set the tension parameter for Hermite interpolation
Common Box Attributes
Sets the text that will be displayed in the Clue window when the user moves the mouse over the object.
background [int] (default: 0)
Adds or removes the object from the patcher's background layer.adds the object to the background layer, removes it. Objects in the background layer are shown behind all objects in the default foreground layer.
color [4 floats]
Sets the color for the object box outline.
Sets the type style used by the object. The options are:
0 = 'regular'
1 = 'bold'
2 = 'italic'
3 = 'bold italic'
Sets the object's font.
Sets the object's font size (in points).
hidden [int] (default: 0)
Toggles whether an object is hidden when the patcher is locked.
Sets the text that will be displayed in as a pop-up hint when the user moves the mouse over the object in a locked patcher.
ignoreclick [int] (default: 0)
Toggles whether an object ignores mouse clicks in a locked patcher.
patching_rect [4 floats] (default: 0. 0. 100. 0.)
Sets the position and size of the object in the patcher window.
position [2 floats]
Sets the object's x and y position in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation), leaving its size unchanged.
presentation [int] (default: 0)
Sets whether an object belongs to the patcher's presentation.
presentation_rect [4 floats] (default: 0. 0. 0. 0.)
Sets the x and y position and width and height of the object in the patcher's presentation, leaving its patching position unchanged.
rect [4 floats]
Sets the x and y position and width and height of the object in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation).
size [2 floats]
Sets the object's width and height in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation), leaving its position unchanged.
Sets the color for the object's text in RGBA format.
Sets the justification for the object's text.
0 = 'left'
1 = 'center'
2 = 'right'
start-point (millisecond-offset) [float]
end-point (millisecond-offset) [float]
In middle inlet: The start of the waveform as a millisecond offset from the beginning of a buffer~ object's sample memory.
In right inlet: The end of the waveform as a millisecond offset from the beginning of a buffer~ object's sample memory.
The portion of the buffer~ specified by the wave~ object's start and end points is scanned by signal values ranging from 0 to 1 in the wave~ object's inlet, and the corresponding sample value from the buffer~ is sent out the wave~ object's outlet. If the signal received in wave's inlet is a repeating signal such as a sawtooth wave from a phasor~, the resulting output will be a waveform (excerpted from the buffer~) repeating at the frequency corresponding to the repetition of the input signal.
|buffer~||Store audio samples|
|buffir~||buffer-based FIR filter|
|groove~||Variable-rate looping sample playback|
|phasor~||Generate sawtooth signals|
|play~||Position-based sample playback|
|sync~||Synchronize MSP with an external source|
|MSP Sampling Tutorial 4: Variable-length Wavetable||MSP Sampling Tutorial 4: Variable-length Wavetable|