kink~
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kink~

Distort a sawtooth waveform

Description

kink~ takes phasor~ values and distorts them according to a slope factor. If the input times the slope is less than 0.5, that value is output. Otherwise, a complentary slope is used, equal to 0.5 at the same input value but equal to 1 when the input is 1. This creates a bend or "kink" in the phase waveform when the slope is not equal to 1.

Examples

Typical use of kink~ between phasor~ and cycle~

Discussion

If you feed the output of kink~ into a cycle~, the result is that the first part (before the kink) of the wavetable is scanned much more quickly than the second part (after the kink).

Arguments

slope-multiplier [float]

Optional

Sets the default slope multiplier. If a signal is attached to the right inlet, this argument is ignored.

Attributes

Common Box Attributes

annotation [symbol]

Sets the text that will be displayed in the Clue window when the user moves the mouse over the object.

background [int] (default: 0)

Adds or removes the object from the patcher's background layer. background 1 adds the object to the background layer, background 0 removes it. Objects in the background layer are shown behind all objects in the default foreground layer.

color [4 floats]

Sets the color for the object box outline.

fontface [int]

Sets the type style used by the object. The options are:

plain
bold
italic
bold italic

Possible values:

0 = 'regular'
1 = 'bold'
2 = 'italic'
3 = 'bold italic'

fontname [symbol]

Sets the object's font.

fontsize [float]

Sets the object's font size (in points).

Possible values:

'8'
'9'
'10'
'11'
'12'
'13'
'14'
'16'
'18'
'20'
'24'
'30'
'36'
'48'
'64'
'72'

hidden [int] (default: 0)

Toggles whether an object is hidden when the patcher is locked.

hint [symbol]

Sets the text that will be displayed in as a pop-up hint when the user moves the mouse over the object in a locked patcher.

ignoreclick [int] (default: 0)

Toggles whether an object ignores mouse clicks in a locked patcher.

patching_rect [4 floats] (default: 0. 0. 100. 0.)

Sets the position and size of the object in the patcher window.

position [2 floats]

g/s(set)

Sets the object's x and y position in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation), leaving its size unchanged.

presentation [int] (default: 0)

Sets whether an object belongs to the patcher's presentation.

presentation_rect [4 floats] (default: 0. 0. 0. 0.)

Sets the x and y position and width and height of the object in the patcher's presentation, leaving its patching position unchanged.

rect [4 floats]

g/s(set)

Sets the x and y position and width and height of the object in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation).

size [2 floats]

g/s(set)

Sets the object's width and height in both patching and presentation modes (if the object belongs to its patcher's presentation), leaving its position unchanged.

textcolor [float]

Sets the color for the object's text in RGBA format.

textjustification [int]

Text Justification

Possible values:

0 = 'left'
1 = 'center'
2 = 'right'

varname [symbol]

Sets the patcher's scripting name, which can be used to address the object by name in pattr, scripting messages to thispatcher, and the js object.

Messages

float

Arguments

slope-multiplier [float]
In right inlet: The multiplier that affects the slope of the output between an output (Y) value of 0 and 0.5. After the output reaches 0.5, the waveform will increase to 1 so that the entire output moves from 0 to 1 in the same period of time as the input. A slope multiplier of 1(the default) produces no distortion Slope multipliers below 1 have a slower rise to 0.5 than the input, and slope multipliers above 1 have a faster rise to 0.5 than the input. If a signal is attached to the right inlet, float input is ignored.

signal

In left inlet: The input to kink~ should be a sawtooth waveform output from a phasor~ object that repeatedly goes from 0 to 1.

In right inlet: The multiplier that affects the slope of the output between an output (Y) value of 0 and 0.5. After the output reaches 0.5, the waveform will increase to 1 so that the entire output moves from 0 to 1 in the same period of time as the input. A slope multiplier of 1(the default) produces no distortion Slope multipliers below 1 have a slower rise to 0.5 than the input, and slope multipliers above 1 have a faster rise to 0.5 than the input.

Output

signal

The output of kink~ should be fed to the right inlet of cycle~ (at zero frequency) to produce a distorted sine wave (a technique known as phase distortion synthesis). As the slope multiplier in the right inlet of kink~ deviates from 1, additional harmonics are introduced into the waveform output of cycle~. If the slope multiplier is rapidly increased and then decreased using a line~, the output of cycle~ may resemble an attack portion of an instrumental sound.

See Also

Name Description
phasor~ Generate sawtooth signals
triangle~ Triangle/ramp wavetable